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Farwina Faroque

What does the Quran say about the elderly?

One of the famous hadiths in Islam is the hadith about mother.  This hadith stresses the importance of honouring  one’s mother such  that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) repeated the word mother 3 times before finally saying father.  But this hadith does  not necessarily focus on how Islam views the elderly.  Because a mother, or a father is not necessarily old.

So how does Islam sees the elderly?

Your Lord has commanded that you worship none but Him, and that you be kind to your parents. If one or both of them reaches old age with you, do not say to them a word of disrespect, or scold them, but say a generous word to them. And act humbly to them in mercy, and say, ‘My Lord, have mercy on them since they cared for me when I was small

( Quran 17: 23-24).

This comprehensive commandment  prohibits worshipping other than Allah, and at the same time to have an undivided loyalty to do what Allah has commanded us to do and to avoid everything Allah has prohibited us from doing.

We learn that after Allah’s rights, there’s our parents’ rights in this very  verse.  Their rights to be respected, served and obeyed.  The morality we can learn from this verse is that children should be grateful to, and respectful of, their parents, and we should serve them as they have nursed us when we were little and helpless.

This command does not only apply to Muslim parents.  If your parents are not Muslims, this command applies to them too as long as they do not ask you to do anything that is against Allah’s wills.  This moral and mental attitude became  part and parcel of the Muslim society.

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, 

He is not of us who does not have mercy on young children, nor honour the elderly              

    (Al-Tirmidhi).

Caring for elderly is one  ibadah that  is considered as charity in Islam.  Ibn al-‘Arabi observes, 

Support for one’s family and relatives fulfills the criterion of charity while upholding family kinship

(Ibn al-‘Arabi, 1994, 2: 96).  

As Muslims, it is in our culture to care for our elderly, and this doesn’t just stop at our own parents or parents-in-law.  Muslim communities have been taking care of their elderly aunts or uncles too.  This culture is in sync  with the hadith narrated by Abdullah ibn Umar:

Allah’s Apostle said: The finest act of goodness is the kind treatment of a person to the loved ones of his father after his death.

(Sahih Muslim) 

And the  hadith :

Whosoever desires to have expansion in his sustenance and a prolonged life, should treat his relatives with kindness

(Bukhari, 1987, 2: 728, 348). 

May we be among those who care for our elderly and put their rights where they belong.

Ameen

Source: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/272970617_Old_Age_and_Elderly_Care_An_Islamic_Perspective

What does the Quran say about sustenance?

In Islam, we believe that all sustenance (rizq) belongs with Allah.  Allah is the One who determines our rizq or sustenance. And indeed, one of the names of Allah is ‘Ar-Razzaq’ or ‘The Provider’. This is why Muslims work hard to find a place they can call home,and food to bring to the table, without really worrying about how much they  are really making while also trying to allocate some of their income and wealth to  those in need.

In Surah Adh-Dhariyat verse 22, Allah says:

“And in heaven is your provision and whatever you are promised.”  

This does not  mean that we get to just sit back and relax and not do anything to make a living. We earn what Allah promised us to and that is sufficient and the best for us.  In Surah Taha verse 15, Allah says:

“… so that every soul may be recompensed according to that for which it strives”

Believing that what we have is enough makes our life less stressful and we get to focus on our ibadah, as well as doing good to others.  Allah didn’t just provide sufficient rizq or sustenance for mankind, but also for plants and animals.  In the Quran, there are a few places that Allah talks about rizq or sustenance.

Rizq for giving  to others 

مَنْ ذَا الَّذِي يُقْرِضُ اللَّهَ قَرْضًا حَسَنًا فَيُضَاعِفَهُ لَهُ أَضْعَافًا كَثِيرَةً ۚ وَاللَّهُ يَقْبِضُ وَيَبْسُطُ وَإِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ

Who is he who will offer God a generous loan, so He will multiply it for him manifold? God receives and amplifies, and to Him you will be returned (Surah Al-Baqarah verse 245)

Rizq for every creature on earth, including animals and plants. 

وَمَا مِنْ دَابَّةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ إِلَّا عَلَى اللَّهِ رِزْقُهَا وَيَعْلَمُ مُسْتَقَرَّهَا وَمُسْتَوْدَعَهَا ۚ كُلٌّ فِي كِتَابٍ مُبِينٍ

There is no moving creature on earth but its sustenance depends on God. And He knows where it lives and where it rests. Everything is in a Clear Book. (Surah Hud verse 6)

Rizq for being grateful 

وَإِذْ تَأَذَّنَ رَبُّكُمْ لَئِن شَكَرْتُمْ لَأَزِيدَنَّكُمْ وَلَئِن كَفَرْتُمْ إِنَّ عَذَابِي لَشَدِيد

And [remember] when your Lord proclaimed, ‘If you are grateful, I will surely increase you [in favor]; but if you deny, indeed, My punishment is severe.’ (Surah Ibrahim verse 7)

Rizq for offsprings 

وَلَا تَقْتُلُوا أَوْلَادَكُمْ خَشْيَةَ إِمْلَاقٍ ۖ نَحْنُ نَرْزُقُهُمْ وَإِيَّاكُمْ ۚ إِنَّ قَتْلَهُمْ كَانَ خِطْئًا كَبِيرًا

And do not kill your children for fear of poverty. We provide for them, and for you. Killing them is a grave sin. (Surah Al-Isra’ verse 31)

Rizq for marriage 

وَأَنْكِحُوا الْأَيَامَىٰ مِنْكُمْ وَالصَّالِحِينَ مِنْ عِبَادِكُمْ وَإِمَائِكُمْ ۚ إِنْ يَكُونُوا فُقَرَاءَ يُغْنِهِمُ اللَّهُ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ

And wed the singles among you, and those who are fit among your servants and maids. If they are poor, God will enrich them from His bounty. God is All-Encompassing, All-Knowing. (Surah An-Nur verse 32)

Rizq that is promised 

وَفِي السَّمَاءِ رِزْقُكُمْ وَمَا تُوعَدُونَ

And in the heaven is your livelihood, and what you are promised. (Surah Adh-Dhariyat verse 22)

Rizq for making effort 

وَأَنْ لَيْسَ لِلْإِنْسَانِ إِلَّا مَا سَعَىٰ

And that the human being attains only what he strives for. (Surah An-Najm verse 39)

Rizq for women who were divorced, and  for those who abide by his or her fate with taqwa 

وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَحْتَسِبُ ۚ وَمَنْ يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ فَهُوَ حَسْبُهُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ بَالِغُ أَمْرِهِ ۚ قَدْ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدْرًا 

And will provide for him from where he never expected. Whoever relies on God—He will suffice him. God will accomplish His purpose. God has set a measure to all things. (Surah At-Talaq verse 3)

Rizq upon istigfar 

١٠  فَقُلْتُ اسْتَغْفِرُوا رَبَّكُمْ إِنَّهُ كَانَ غَفَّارًا  

١١  يُرْسِلِ السَّمَاءَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِدْرَارًا

I said, ‘Ask your Lord for forgiveness; He is Forgiving. He will let loose the sky upon you in torrents. (Surah Nuh verse 10-11)

How much are you willing to spend?

Previously we talked about the companions spending their wealth in the cause of Islam, mainly to support the work of spreading Islam and helping  those in need.  We have pointed out that although the companions spent their wealth for others, it doesn’t mean that Islam forbid us from pursuing wealth.

But what inspires the companions and people of faith to give their wealth, possessions and assets to others? , the wealth that they had  worked so hard to acquire? 

Reading surah al-Hadid from beginning to end, we will discover a great secret that we ourselves may have been groping to find  before.  How to give birth to a generation that gives all their possessions in the cause of the ad-deen?

What was the great motivation from heaven that had caused them to want to help the government led by Rasulullah صلى الله عليه وسلم without the slightest feeling of loss or regret  from the  properties that were spent?

ءآمِنوا بِاللهِ وَرَسولِهِ وَأَنفِقوا مِمّا جَعَلَكُم مُّستَخلَفينَ فيهِ ۖ فَالَّذينَ ءآمَنوا مِنكُم وَأَنفَقوا لَهُم أَجرٌ كَبيرٌ    

 “Believe in Allāh and His Messenger and spend out of that in which He has made out successive inheritors. For those who have believed among you and spent, there will be a great reward.” (Al-Hadid: 57)

May we be among those who will spend in the cause  of deen.

Source:  Ustadh Syaari Ab Rahman

Islam and material wealth

We’ve always been bombarded with stories of the prophet’s companions donating all their money and material wealth.  Prophet Muhammad SAW himself is known to being poor.  Does this means Islam is against wealth and into poverty?

According to Ustadh Kamilin Jamilin, PhD, Islam is never against the ummah seeking and exploring the world for wealth as we are  actually encouraged to find wealth through ways that are  guided and permitted in Islam.  Making an effort to gather wealth would be one of the many ways to help others in need, as long as we put Allah first.  Allah Himself has instructed us to seek for His overflowing rizq.  

فَإِذَا قُضِيَتِ ٱلصَّلَوٰةُ فَٱنتَشِرُوا۟ فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ وَٱبْتَغُوا۟ مِن فَضْلِ ٱللَّهِ وَٱذْكُرُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ كَثِيرًا لَّعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ

And when the prayer is ended , then disperse in the land and seek Allah ‘ s bounty , and remember Allah much , that ye may be successful . (AlJumuah verse 10)

This is why in Islam,  we have zakat  as  one of the Five Pillar of Islam . It denotes  a duty for every Muslims who  meets the criteria of wealth to contribute back to those in need.  All wealth comes from Allah so that we would be able to share with others from what was made through us.  In our wealth, there is the rizq of others too.

نِعْمَ الْمَالُ الصَّالِحُ لِلْمَرْءِ الصَّالِحِ

“O ‘Amr! How excellent lawful wealth is in the hands of a righteous person!”

(Sahih. Ahmad and Al-Bukhari).

One of Prophet Muhammad’s companions, Umar al-Khattab initiated the Bayt al-Mal (Malay:  Baitul Mal), or House of Weatlh in 634CE, to administer the society’s  wealth distribution.  Uthman al-Affan who ruled the Islamic Caliphate after Umar even instructed the Bayt al-Mal  institution to administer savings for the future generation.  

This shows the importance of wealth in Islam and the vital instruction that  wealth is not for the greatest benefit of certain individuals and exclusive groups only.  In this light, Islam preaches equitable  distribution of wealth and abhors a socio-economic system that  breeds and condones wealth inequality between members of society.  Wealth sharing in Islam  is for the nurturing and strengthening of social solidarity, and not for social disintegration which will weaken a society.

May Allah make us among those who spend our wealth for charity.  Ameen.

Sources:  sunnah.com, https://today.salamweb.com/

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A Muslim Revert’s Diary Ep 13: Tommaso Khâlid Valisi

This Italian Muslim shares his story of conversion to Islam, from researching about Islam all by himself to converting to Islam at the age of 15.  What inspires him to maintain his declaration of faith in a minority-Muslim country?  Let’s listen to his story.

https://youtu.be/mVyipvAN6FM

#Mualaf #Italy #italian #italianmuslim #italianmuslims #AMuslimRevertsDiary #Revert #Reverts #Convert #Converts #TheGoodTidings #GoodTidings #GoodTidingsNet #Islam #Muslim #Muslims #NewMuslim #NewMuslims

Hadith on steadfastness.

إِنِّي أَنَا الرَّزَّاقُ ذُو الْقُوَّةِ الْمَتِينُ

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud:

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) made me read the verse “Indeed, it is Allah who is the [continual] Provider, the firm possessor of strength.”  Sahih (Al-Albani)